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Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood-Longitudinal associations with cardiac structure and function: The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS)

Laitinen, TT, Ruohonen, S, Juonala, M, Magnussen, CG ORCID: 0000-0002-6238-5730, Mikkila, V, Mikola, H, Hutri-Kahonen, N, Laitinen, T, Tossavainen, P, Jokinen, E, Niinikoski, H, Jula, A, Viikari, JSA, Ronnemaa, T, Raitakari, OT and Pahkala, K 2017 , 'Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood-Longitudinal associations with cardiac structure and function: The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS)' , International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 230 , pp. 304-309 , doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.117.

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Abstract

Background: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association, is associated with incident cardiovascular disease in adults. However, association of the ideal CVH in childhood with current and future cardiac structure and function has not been studied.Methods and Results: The sample comprised 827 children participating in the longitudinal Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS). In STRIP, complete data on the seven ideal CVH metrics and left ventricular (LV) mass measured with echocardiography were available at the age of 15 (n=321), 17 (n=309) and 19 (n=283) years. In YFS, the cohort comprised children aged 12-18years (n=506) with complete ideal CVH metrics data from childhood and 25 years later in adulthood, and echocardiography performed in adulthood. In STRIP, ideal CVH score was inversely associated with LV mass during childhood (P=0.036). In YFS, childhood ideal CVH score was inversely associated with LV mass, LV end-diastolic volume, E/e' ratio, and left atrium end-systolic volume in adulthood (all PP≤0.03).Conclusions: Childhood ideal CVH score has a long-lasting effect on cardiac structure and function, and the association is evident already in childhood. Our findings support targeting the ideal CVH metrics as part of primordial prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Laitinen, TT and Ruohonen, S and Juonala, M and Magnussen, CG and Mikkila, V and Mikola, H and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Laitinen, T and Tossavainen, P and Jokinen, E and Niinikoski, H and Jula, A and Viikari, JSA and Ronnemaa, T and Raitakari, OT and Pahkala, K
Keywords: left ventricular mass, risk factors, diastolic dysfunction, echocardiography, cardiovascular disease prevention
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Cardiology
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
ISSN: 0167-5273
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.117
Copyright Information:

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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