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Ballast Water Heating Offers a Superior Treatment Option

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Rigby, G, Hallegraeff, GM and Taylor, A 2003 , 'Ballast Water Heating Offers a Superior Treatment Option' , Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering, vol. 39, no. 7 , pp. 1233-1246 .

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Abstract

Ballast water regulations in place in many parts
of the world to minimise the risks associated
with the introduction and establishment of
nonindigenous organisms into ports around the
world currently require ship’s Masters to
undertake a range of approved management
procedures, primarily based on exchanging the
water at sea during the voyage. Limitations
associated with ocean exchange have prompted
significant research and development into
alternative treatment techniques that will offer
enhanced biological effectiveness and make
practical implementation, ship’s safety and cost
more attractive.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Rigby, G and Hallegraeff, GM and Taylor, A
Keywords: Ballast water, heating, invasions, marine organisms, translocation, treatment.
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering
ISSN: 1061-026X
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