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Longitudinal changes in excess pressure independently predict declining renal function among healthy individuals - A pilot study

Climie, RED, Picone, DS ORCID: 0000-0002-4760-1634 and Sharman, JE ORCID: 0000-0003-2792-0811 2017 , 'Longitudinal changes in excess pressure independently predict declining renal function among healthy individuals - A pilot study' , American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 30, no. 8 , pp. 772-775 , doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpx091.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aortic reservoir function independently predicts end-organ damage in cross-sectional analyses. However, longitudinal associations are more important regarding causation, but this has never been examined at rest or in response to light-moderate intensity exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the change in aortic reservoir characteristics, in particular excess pressure integral (Pexcess) at rest and in response to exercise and the change in kidney function among healthy individuals followed over time.METHODS: Aortic reservoir function (Pexcess and reservoir pressure), aortic stiffness, brachial and central blood pressure (BP), and renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) were recorded among 33 healthy individuals (57 ± 9 years; 55% male) at baseline and after an average 3.0 ± 0.3 years.RESULTS: Over the follow up period, there was a significant increase in resting brachial BP, central BP, Pexcess, and aortic stiffness (P excess (but not aortic stiffness) was significantly related to the change in eGFR (r = -0.38, P = 0.038) and remained independent of age at follow up, change in 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP and body mass index (β = -0.0300, P = 0.043). There was no association between the change in aortic pulse wave velocity and the change eGFR (P = 0.46) nor were there any associations with exercising hemodynamics.CONCLUSIONS: Pexcess is independently associated with a decline in renal function among healthy people followed over 3 years. These novel findings indicate the need to determine the underlying physiological determinants of aortic reservoir function.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Climie, RED and Picone, DS and Sharman, JE
Keywords: arterial stiffness, blood pressure, hypertension, reservoir characteristics
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Hypertension
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
ISSN: 0895-7061
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/ajh/hpx091
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

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