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Infant feeding and growth trajectory patterns in childhood and body composition in young adulthood

Rzehak, P, Oddy, WH ORCID: 0000-0002-6119-7017, Mearin, ML, Grote, V, Mori, TA, Szajewska, H, Shamir, R, Koletzko, S, Weber, M, Beilin, LJ, Huang, RC and Koletzko, B 2017 , 'Infant feeding and growth trajectory patterns in childhood and body composition in young adulthood' , American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 106, no. 2 , pp. 568-580 , doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.140962.

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Background: Growth patterns of breastfed and formula-fed infants may differ, with formula-fed infants growing more rapidly than breastfed infants into childhood and adulthood.Objective: Our objectives were to identify growth patterns and investigate early nutritional programming potential on growth patterns at 6 y and on body composition at 20 y.Design: The West Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study and 3 European cohort studies (European Childhood Obesity Trial, Norwegian Human Milk Study, and Prevention of Coeliac Disease) that collaborate in the European Union-funded Early Nutrition project combined, harmonized, and pooled data on full breastfeeding, anthropometry, and body composition. Latent growth mixture modeling was applied to identify growth patterns among the 6708 individual growth trajectories. The association of full breastfeeding for Results: Three body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) trajectory patterns were identified and labeled as follows-class 1: persistent, accelerating, rapid growth (5%); class 2: early, nonpersistent, rapid growth (40%); and class 3: normative growth (55%). A shorter duration of full breastfeeding for P Conclusions: Full breastfeeding for

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Rzehak, P and Oddy, WH and Mearin, ML and Grote, V and Mori, TA and Szajewska, H and Shamir, R and Koletzko, S and Weber, M and Beilin, LJ and Huang, RC and Koletzko, B
Keywords: BMI, European Childhood Obesity Prevention trial, Norwegian Human Milk Study, Prevention of Coeliac Disease, Project Early Nutrition, Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, body composition, breastfeeding, growth patterns, longitudinal
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher: Amer Soc Clinical Nutrition
ISSN: 0002-9165
DOI / ID Number: 10.3945/ajcn.116.140962
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Copyright 2017 American Society for Nutrition

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