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A risk assessment of a novel bulk cargo ship-to-ship transfer operation using the functional resonance analysis method

Clarke, Lauchlan J, Macfarlane, G ORCID: 0000-0002-0518-430X, Penesis, I ORCID: 0000-0003-4570-6034, Duffy, JT ORCID: 0000-0003-3484-1345, Matsubara, S ORCID: 0000-0002-5698-6687 and Ballantyne, RJ 2017 , 'A risk assessment of a novel bulk cargo ship-to-ship transfer operation using the functional resonance analysis method', in Proceedings of the ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering , The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, USA, V03BT02A019-1 , doi: 10.1115/OMAE2017-61535.

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Abstract

Risk assessments underpin a maritime operation’s safety management system. When applied to an untested concept a risk assessment can also assist with overcoming resistance to new technology. This paper proposes the functional resonance analysis method (FRAM) as a tool for developing design recommendations and fulfilling the safety management objectives of the ISM Code. The FRAM is applied to benefit the floating harbour transhipper (FHT), a novel concept for the transhipment of bulk commodities. The FHT acts as a large floating warehouse with an aft well dock that provides shelter for a feeder vessel. The FHT’s materials handling equipment transfers bulk cargo from the feeder vessel onto its own stockpile or directly to an export vessel moored alongside, or from its stockpile to the export vessel.Most risk assessment tools focus on identifying and addressing system components that can potentially fail. With the FRAM however, the scope, direction and recommendations are guided by a practical understanding of the variability of work undertaken rather than preconceived notions of potential failure modes. Adopting a method based on maximising resilience rather than minimising the causes of accidents promotes a shift from a blame culture to a safety culture. Applying the FRAM generated a deeper, broader and more transparent understanding of the FHT transfer operation than what would have been achievable using traditional risk assessment tools. This understanding was used to develop recommendations designed to improve the resilience of the FHT operation.

Item Type: Conference Publication
Authors/Creators:Clarke, Lauchlan J and Macfarlane, G and Penesis, I and Duffy, JT and Matsubara, S and Ballantyne, RJ
Keywords: FRAM, safety, FHT, transhipping
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI / ID Number: 10.1115/OMAE2017-61535
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 ASME

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