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Cow-calf reproduction systems and effect of concentrate supplement at pre- and post-partum on reproductive performance of cross-bred Brahman cows raised in households in Binh Dinh Province

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Nguyen, XB, Dung, DV, Mui, NT, Van, NH, Mia, HT, Hai, TT, Parsons, D ORCID: 0000-0002-1393-8431, Smith, R ORCID: 0000-0002-2987-724X, Corfield, J and Bonney, L ORCID: 0000-0003-2580-7495 2017 , 'Cow-calf reproduction systems and effect of concentrate supplement at pre- and post-partum on reproductive performance of cross-bred Brahman cows raised in households in Binh Dinh Province' , Vietnamese Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 15, no. 7 , pp. 891-904 .

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate (1) cow-calf reproduction system and (2) effects of concentrate supplement at pre- and post-partrum on reproduction performance of Brahman cows. Total 66 cattle raising households (10%) in Tay Giang commune, Tay Son District, Binh Dinh province) were surveyed. In addition, 255 Cross-bred Brahman cows were evaluated for reproductive performance, and 163 calves were weighted from birth to 6 months of age. On-farm experiment and demonstration of the effect of pre- and post-partum supplementary feeding on cow-calf performance were conducted from January 2014 to December 2016. The survey results showed that the cow-calf system in the communes has been moving from extensive to semi-intensive one. Cows accounted for 50% of cattle surveyed, of which 90% were Zebu crossbred. Cow feeding systems were mostly grazing and stall feeding (97%). A long calving interval (15.9 months), lack of nutrition for cows at pre- and post-partum, and poor feeding management were identified. The experiment showed that improved supplementation for cows at pre- and post-partum could shorten calving to conception interval from 212 to 176 days (P < 0.05). The on-farm demonstration confirmed that post-partum supplementation can reduce calving interval and the techniques were well accepted by farmers in the region.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Nguyen, XB and Dung, DV and Mui, NT and Van, NH and Mia, HT and Hai, TT and Parsons, D and Smith, R and Corfield, J and Bonney, L
Keywords: peri-natal nutrition, cow-calf, nutrition, reproductive performance, concentrate supplement
Journal or Publication Title: Vietnamese Journal of Agricultural Science
ISSN: 1859-0004
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Copyright 2017 Vietnam National University of Agriculture

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