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Profiling maritime communication by non-native speakers: a quantitative comparison between the baseline and standard marine communication phraseology

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John, P, Brooks, B ORCID: 0000-0001-7954-6281 and Schriever, U 2017 , 'Profiling maritime communication by non-native speakers: a quantitative comparison between the baseline and standard marine communication phraseology' , English for Specific Purposes, vol. 47 , pp. 1-14 , doi: 10.1016/j.esp.2017.03.002.

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Abstract

This paper compares ESP communication by non-native speakers of Maritime English with communication outside a nautical setting in order to profile its structural idiosyncrasy. Vocabulary growth, word frequencies, lexical and key word densities, and grammar diversity as dependent linguistic variables observed in transcribed full-mission simulation exercises are contrasted to the Brown Corpus, the Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English and the Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP). Using quantitative linguistics, inherent structural patterns of nautical team communication are identified and similarities and variations highlighted. Significant differences found in all linguistic features are gauged by means of the Probability of Superiority (PS) effect size. A linguistic profile is created which quantifies the observed language patterns and provides a quantitative model for the linguistic genre of this particular discourse community. The model fills the gap of quantitative research on empirical bridge team communication samples and delivers a valid tool for estimating the magnitude of observed linguistic effects.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:John, P and Brooks, B and Schriever, U
Keywords: bridge team communication, maritime English, genre analysis, relative word frequencies, maritime key words
Journal or Publication Title: English for Specific Purposes
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0889-4906
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.esp.2017.03.002
Copyright Information:

2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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