Open Access Repository

Meridional overturning and oceanic heat transport circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2016”]

Baringer, MO, Smeed, DA, Willis, J, Lankhorst, M, Hobbs, WR ORCID: 0000-0002-2061-0899, Dong, S, McCarthy, G, Rayner, D, Johns, WE, Goni, G and Send, U 2017 , 'Meridional overturning and oceanic heat transport circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2016”]' , Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 98, no. 8 , S84-S87 , doi: 10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

This section describes the AMOC and the Atlantic meridional heat transport (AMHT), determined by the large-scale ocean circulation wherein northward moving upper layer waters are transformed into deep waters that return southward, redistributing heat, fresh water, carbon, and nutrients. Large variations in meridional heat transport are associated with strong MOC anomalies (e.g., correlations of 0.94, Johns et al. 2011) and northwesterly wind anomalies while monthly variability is more closely linked to the spatial structure associated with the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO; e.g., Moat et al. 2016). Observed cold North Atlantic sea surface temperatures were consistent with the decadal decrease in MOC transport at 26°N (e.g., Baringer et al. 2016). These large-scale ocean anomalies can subsequently impact European weather (e.g., Duchez et al. 2016). Many climate, weather, and ecosystem changes covary with changes in the AMOC (e.g., Srokosz and Bryden 2015; Carton et al. 2014; Srokosz et al. 2012).

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Baringer, MO and Smeed, DA and Willis, J and Lankhorst, M and Hobbs, WR and Dong, S and McCarthy, G and Rayner, D and Johns, WE and Goni, G and Send, U
Keywords: physical oceanography, climate monitoring
Journal or Publication Title: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Publisher: Amer Meteorological Soc
ISSN: 0003-0007
DOI / ID Number: 10.1175/2017BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
Copyright Information:

Copyright August 2017 American Meteorological Society

Related URLs:
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP