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Determining requirements for patient-centred care: a participatory concept mapping study

Ogden, K ORCID: 0000-0003-1811-8667, Barr, J ORCID: 0000-0002-9319-753X and Greenfield, D ORCID: 0000-0002-0927-6025 2017 , 'Determining requirements for patient-centred care: a participatory concept mapping study' , Bmc Health Services Research, vol. 17, no. 780 , pp. 1-11 , doi:

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Background: Recognition of a need for patient-centred care is not new, however making patient-centred care a reality remains a challenge to organisations. We need empirical studies to extend current understandings, create new representations of the complexity of patient-centred care, and guide collective action toward patient-centred health care. To achieve these ends, the research aim was to empirically determine what organisational actions are required for patient-centred care to be achieved. Methods: We used an established participatory concept mapping methodology. Cross-sector stakeholders contributed to the development of statements for patient-centred care requirements, sorting statements into groupings according to similarity, and rating each statement according to importance, feasibility, and achievement. The resultant data were analysed to produce a visual concept map representing participants’ conceptualisation of patient-centred care requirements. Analysis included the development of a similarity matrix, multidimensional scaling, hierarchical cluster analysis, selection of the number of clusters and their labels, identifying overarching domains and quantitative representation of rating data. Results: The outcome was the development of a conceptual map for the Requirements of Patient-Centred Care Systems (ROPCCS). ROPCCS incorporates 123 statements sorted into 13 clusters. Cluster labels were: shared responsibility for personalised health literacy; patient provider dynamic for care partnership; collaboration; shared power and responsibility; resources for coordination of care; recognition of humanity – skills and attributes; knowing and valuing the patient; relationship building; system review evaluation and new models; commitment to supportive structures and processes; elements to facilitate change; professional identity and capability development; and explicit education and learning. The clusters were grouped into three overarching domains, representing a cross-sectoral approach: humanity and partnership; career spanning education and training; and health systems, policy and management. Rating of statements allowed the generation of go-zone maps for further interrogation of the relative importance, feasibility, and achievement of each patient-centred care requirement and cluster. Conclusion: The study has empirically determined requirements for patient-centred care through the development of ROPCCS. The unique map emphasises collaborative responsibility of stakeholders to ensure that patient-centred care is comprehensively progressed. ROPCCS allows the complex requirements for patient-centred care to be understood, implemented, evaluated, measured, and shown to be occurring.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ogden, K and Barr, J and Greenfield, D
Keywords: patient-centred care, health care systems, research, concept mapping
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Health Services Research
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
ISSN: 1472-6963
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright 2017 the Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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