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MPAs in ABNJ: lessons from two high seas regimes

Smith, D and Jabour, J ORCID: 0000-0003-0185-8415 2017 , 'MPAs in ABNJ: lessons from two high seas regimes' , ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 75, no. 1 , pp. 417-425 , doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx189.

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Abstract

Establishing a network of marine-protected areas (MPAs) in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is viewed as an important measure to protect marine biodiversity. To date 12 MPAs have been established: two in the Southern Ocean and 10 in the North-East Atlantic region, and more are proposed. The Southern Ocean MPAs were adopted by Members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in a complex, slow and challenging process. The North-East Atlantic MPAs were established under the OSPAR Convention and although the MPA network was established swiftly, doubts remain about whether it was a successful institutional development for the protection of marine biodiversity or just a network of ‘paper parks’. This article analyses the planning and negotiation processes that took place in establishing the 12 current MPAs to identify lessons useful for establishing MPAs in ABNJ in the future.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Smith, D and Jabour, J
Keywords: marine protected areas, areas beyond national jurisdiction, OSPAR, CCAMLR
Journal or Publication Title: ICES Journal of Marine Science
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 1054-3139
DOI / ID Number: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx189
Copyright Information:

Copyright International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2017. All rights reserved.

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