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Investigation of the optimal intermediate water temperature in a combined r134a and transcritical CO2 heat pump for space heating

Song, Y, Li, D, Cao, F and Wang, X ORCID: 0000-0003-4293-7523 2017 , 'Investigation of the optimal intermediate water temperature in a combined r134a and transcritical CO2 heat pump for space heating' , International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 79 , pp. 10-24 , doi: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2017.04.018.

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Abstract

In this paper, the effect of intermediate water temperature on the performance of a combinedR134a and transcritical CO2 heat pump was studied theoretically and experimentally. The mathematical model was first validated using experimental data and then applied to analyze the performance of the combined system. The results show that there exists an optimal intermediate water temperature (water inlet temperature at the gas cooler) at which the combined system has the highest COP. This optimal intermediate water temperature varies with the ambient air temperature. Furthermore, the effect of intermediate water temperature on individual R134a and transcritical CO2 subsystems was investigated.The results show that both heating capacity and power consumption in the R134a subsystem increase as the intermediate water temperature increases. However, power consumption in the CO2 system drops slightly, and heating capacity reaches an optimal value as the intermediate water temperature increases from 15 to 32 °C under ambient air temperatures ranging from −20 to 7 °C.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Song, Y and Li, D and Cao, F and Wang, X
Keywords: Transcritical CO2 heat pump, R134a heat pump, space heating, Coefficient of Performance
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Refrigeration
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
ISSN: 0140-7007
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2017.04.018
Copyright Information:

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd and IIR. All rights reserved.

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