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The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature


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Aviv, U, Kornhaber, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775, Harats, M and Haik, J 2017 , 'The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature' , Disaster and military medicine, vol. 3 , pp. 1-5 , doi: 10.1186/s40696-017-0034-y.

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Background: Burns from white phosphorus are rare and remain a challenge for clinicians. White phosphorus burnsare often associated with smaller surface areas and high morbidity rates. Classed as a chemical burn, white phosphorusis used for military purposes and within industry, for the manufacture of freworks and agricultural products.Case presentation: In this report, we discuss the case of a 40 years old female who sustained 2% Total Body SurfaceArea partial to full thickness burns from white phosphorus. The burns were treated conservatively with mafenideacetate on the medial calf and dorsum of foot and Flaminal Forte was used for the palmar region. The patient wasdischarged 22 days after admission and followed up in the outpatient clinic. Despite the use of pressure garments,hypertrophic scarring began to develop on the dorsum of her right foot.Conclusions: During peacetime, white phosphorus possess a signifcant danger to civilians. Awareness of the uniquenature of white phosphorus among military burn clinicians should be emphasized.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Aviv, U and Kornhaber, R and Harats, M and Haik, J
Keywords: Chemical burn, White phosphorus, Full thickness, Treatment outcome, Wound healing
Journal or Publication Title: Disaster and military medicine
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 2054-314X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s40696-017-0034-y
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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