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Developing dimensions for a multicomponent multidisciplinary approach to obesity management: a qualitative study

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Cochrane, AJ, Dick, B, King, NA, Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 and Kavanagh, DJ 2017 , 'Developing dimensions for a multicomponent multidisciplinary approach to obesity management: a qualitative study' , BMC Public Health, vol. 17 , pp. 1-15 , doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4834-2.

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Abstract

Background: There have been consistent recommendations for multicomponent and multidisciplinary approachesfor obesity management. However, there is no clear agreement on the components, disciplines or processes to beconsidered within such an approach.In this study, we explored multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches through an examination ofknowledge, skills, beliefs, and recommendations of stakeholders involved in obesity management. Thesestakeholders included researchers, practitioners, educators, and patients.Methods: We used qualitative action research methods, including convergent interviewing and observation, toassist the process of inquiry.Results: The consensus was that a multicomponent and multidisciplinary approach should be based on fourcentral meta-components (patient, practitioner, process, and environmental factors), and specific components ofthese factors were identified. Psychologists, dieticians, exercise physiologists and general practitioners werenominated as key practitioners to be included.Conclusions: A complex condition like obesity requires that multiple components be addressed, and that bothpatients and multiple disciplines are involved in developing solutions. Implementing cycles of continuousimprovement to deal with complexity, instead of trying to control for it, offers an effective way to deal withcomplex, changing multisystem problems like obesity.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Cochrane, AJ and Dick, B and King, NA and Hills, AP and Kavanagh, DJ
Keywords: action research, convergent interviewing, multicomponent, multidisciplinary, obesity, weight management
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s12889-017-4834-2
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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