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In vitro characteristics of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) hind gut microbial community in relation to different dietary treatments

Zarkasi, KZ, Taylor, RS, Glencross, BD, Abell, GCJ, Tamplin, ML ORCID: 0000-0003-2652-2408 and Bowman, JP ORCID: 0000-0002-4528-9333 2017 , 'In vitro characteristics of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) hind gut microbial community in relation to different dietary treatments' , Research in Microbiology, vol. 168, no. 8 , pp. 751-759 , doi: 10.1016/j.resmic.2017.07.003.

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In this study, microbial community dynamics were assessed within a simple in vitro model system in order to understand those changes influenced by diet. The abundance and diversity of bacteria were monitored within different treatment slurries inoculated with salmon faecal samples in order to mimic the effects of dietary variables. A total of five complete diets and two ingredients (plant meal) were tested. The total viable counts (TVCs) and sequencing data revealed that there was very clear separation between the complete diets and the plant meal treatments, suggesting a dynamic response by the allochthonous bacteria to the treatments. Automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) results showed that different diet formulations produced different patterns of fragments, with no separation between the complete diets. However, plant-based protein ingredients were clearly separated from the other treatments. 16S rRNA Illumina-based sequencing analysis showed that members of the genera Aliivibrio, Vibrio and Photobacterium became predominant for all complete diets treatments. The plant-based protein ingredient treatments only sustained weak growth of the genus Sphingomonas. In vitro based testing of diets could be a useful strategy to determine the potential impact of either complete feeds or ingredients on major fish gastrointestinal tract microbiome members.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Zarkasi, KZ and Taylor, RS and Glencross, BD and Abell, GCJ and Tamplin, ML and Bowman, JP
Keywords: gut microbiome, salmon feeds, in-vitro model, 16S rRNA gene, dietary treaments, intestinal bacteria, Atlantic salmon
Journal or Publication Title: Research in Microbiology
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0923-2508
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.resmic.2017.07.003
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Copyright 2017 Institut Pasteur

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