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The Future of Modeling to Support Conservation Decisions in the Anthropocene Ocean

Plaganyi, E and Fulton, EA 2017 , 'The Future of Modeling to Support Conservation Decisions in the Anthropocene Ocean', in PS Levin and MR Poe (eds.), Conservation for the Anthropocene Ocean: Interdisciplinary Science in Support of Nature and People , Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd, London, United Kingdom, pp. 423-446.

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Abstract

Management and conservation of components of the Anthropocene Ocean are becoming significantly more challenging by ever increasing complexity, as the number and types of ocean users increase in synchrony with growing interdependencies between the ecosystem and human well-being. In addition, climate change and ocean acidification are fundamentally changing ocean conditions. Effective conservation will entail synthesizing information across a broad range of disciplines, dealing with nonstationary complexity and a high degree of uncertainty. Modeling is a valuable tool for synthesizing and analyzing this complexity, as well as simulating alternative scenarios that would be impossible to test empirically. We provide several examples of how socioecological frameworks and two-way dynamic feedbacks can be incorporated into marine conservation models and decision support. Modeling provides a means for initiating and supporting discussions around potential future threats and responses, of identifying risks and trade-offs in meeting multiple and potentially conflicting objectives, and informing on ways to avoid undesirable tipping points.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Plaganyi, E and Fulton, EA
Keywords: ecosystem models, human behavior, risk management, socioecological
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/B978-0-12-805375-1.00020-9
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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