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Riparian plant litter quality increases with latitude

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Boyero, L, Graca, MAS, Tonin, AM, Perez, J, Swafford, AJ, Ferreira, V, Landeira-Dabarca, A, Alexandrou, MA, Gessner, MO, McKie, BG, Albarino, RJ, Barmuta, LA ORCID: 0000-0002-8946-3727, Callisto, M, Chara, J, Chauvet, E, Colon-Gaud, C, Dudgeon, D, Encalada, AC, Figueroa, R, Flecker, AS, Fleituch, T, Frainer, A, Goncalves Jr, JF, Helson, JE, Iwata, T, Mathooko, J, M'Erimba, C, Pringle, CM, Ramirez, A, Swan, CM, Yule, CM and Pearson, RG 2017 , 'Riparian plant litter quality increases with latitude' , Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1 , pp. 1-10 , doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-10640-3.

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Abstract

Plant litter represents a major basal resource in streams, where its decomposition is partly regulated by litter traits. Litter-trait variation may determine the latitudinal gradient in decomposition in streams, which is mainly microbial in the tropics and detritivore-mediated at high latitudes. However, this hypothesis remains untested, as we lack information on large-scale trait variation for riparian litter. Variation cannot easily be inferred from existing leaf-trait databases, since nutrient resorption can cause traits of litter and green leaves to diverge. Here we present the first global-scale assessment of riparian litter quality by determining latitudinal variation (spanning 107°) in litter traits (nutrient concentrations; physical and chemical defences) of 151 species from 24 regions and their relationships with environmental factors and phylogeny. We hypothesized that litter quality would increase with latitude (despite variation within regions) and traits would be correlated to produce ‘syndromes’ resulting from phylogeny and environmental variation. We found lower litter quality and higher nitrogen:phosphorus ratios in the tropics. Traits were linked but showed no phylogenetic signal, suggesting that syndromes were environmentally determined. Poorer litter quality and greater phosphorus limitation towards the equator may restrict detritivore-mediated decomposition, contributing to the predominance of microbial decomposers in tropical streams.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Boyero, L and Graca, MAS and Tonin, AM and Perez, J and Swafford, AJ and Ferreira, V and Landeira-Dabarca, A and Alexandrou, MA and Gessner, MO and McKie, BG and Albarino, RJ and Barmuta, LA and Callisto, M and Chara, J and Chauvet, E and Colon-Gaud, C and Dudgeon, D and Encalada, AC and Figueroa, R and Flecker, AS and Fleituch, T and Frainer, A and Goncalves Jr, JF and Helson, JE and Iwata, T and Mathooko, J and M'Erimba, C and Pringle, CM and Ramirez, A and Swan, CM and Yule, CM and Pearson, RG
Keywords: decomposition, stream, freshwater, leaf litter, carbon processing, detritivore, benthos
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/s41598-017-10640-3
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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