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Assessing the impact of spectral resolution on classification of lowland native grassland communities based on field spectroscopy in Tasmania, Australia

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Melville, B ORCID: 0000-0003-3040-6071, Lucieer, A ORCID: 0000-0002-9468-4516 and Aryal, J ORCID: 0000-0002-4875-2127 2018 , 'Assessing the impact of spectral resolution on classification of lowland native grassland communities based on field spectroscopy in Tasmania, Australia' , Remote Sensing, vol. 10, no. 2 , pp. 1-19 , doi: 10.3390/rs10020308.

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Abstract

This paper presents a case study for the analysis of endangered lowland native grassland communities in the Tasmanian Midlands region using field spectroscopy and spectral convolution techniques. The aim of the study was to determine whether there was significant improvement in classification accuracy for lowland native grasslands and other vegetation communities based on hyperspectral resolution datasets over multispectral equivalents. A spectral dataset was collected using an ASD Handheld-2 spectroradiometer at Tunbridge Township Lagoon. The study then employed a k-fold cross-validation approach for repeated classification of a full hyperspectral dataset, a reduced hyperspectral dataset, and two convoluted multispectral datasets. Classification was performed on each of the four datasets a total of 30 times, based on two different class configurations. The classes analysed were Themeda triandra grassland, Danthonia/Poa grassland, Wilsonia rotundifolia/Selliera radicans, saltpan, and a simplified C3 vegetation class. The results of the classifications were then tested for statistically significant differences using ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc comparisons. The results of the study indicated that hyperspectral resolution provides small but statistically significant increases in classification accuracy for Themeda and Danthonia grasslands. For other classes, differences in classification accuracy for all datasets were not statistically significant. The results obtained here indicate that there is some potential for enhanced detection of major lowland native grassland community types using hyperspectral resolution datasets, and that future analysis should prioritise good performance in these classes over others. This study presents a method for identification of optimal spectral resolution across multiple datasets, and constitutes an important case study for lowland native grassland mapping in Tasmania.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Melville, B and Lucieer, A and Aryal, J
Keywords: hyperspectral, multispectral, random forest, grassland
Journal or Publication Title: Remote Sensing
Publisher: MDPIAG
ISSN: 2072-4292
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/rs10020308
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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