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How much can nuclear energy do about global warming?

Berger, A, Blees, T, Breon, F-M, Brook, BW ORCID: 0000-0002-2491-1517, Hansen, P, Grover, RB, Guet, C, Liu, W, Livet, F, Nifenecker, H, Petit, M, Pierre, G, Prevot, H, Richet, S, Safa, H, Salvatores, M, Schneeberger, M and Zhou, S 2017 , 'How much can nuclear energy do about global warming?' , International Journal of Global Energy Issues, vol. 40, no. 1-2 , pp. 43-78 , doi: 10.1504/IJGEI.2017.080766.

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Abstract

The framework MESSAGE from the IIASA fulfills the IPCC requirement RCP 2.6. To achieve this, it proposes the use of massive deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS), dealing with tens of billion tons of CO2. However, present knowledge of this process rests on a few experiments at the annual million tons level. MESSAGE includes three scenarios: ‘Supply’ with a high energy consumption; ‘Efficiency’ which implies the end of nuclear energy and the intermediary ‘MIX’. We propose, as a variant of the MESSAGE framework, to initiate a sustained deployment of nuclear production in 2020, reaching a total nuclear power around 20,000 GWe by the year 2100. Our scenarios considerably reduce the interest or necessity for CCS. Renouncing nuclear power requires an energy consumption reduction of more than 40% compared to the ‘Supply’ scenario, without escaping the need to store more than 15 billion tons of CO2.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Berger, A and Blees, T and Breon, F-M and Brook, BW and Hansen, P and Grover, RB and Guet, C and Liu, W and Livet, F and Nifenecker, H and Petit, M and Pierre, G and Prevot, H and Richet, S and Safa, H and Salvatores, M and Schneeberger, M and Zhou, S
Keywords: 2100 energy scenarios, carbon dioxide, nuclear power, carbon capture storage, fast breeder reactors, CANDU reactors, cost, sustainability, risks, wastes
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Global Energy Issues
Publisher: Inderscience Publishers
ISSN: 0954-7118
DOI / ID Number: 10.1504/IJGEI.2017.080766
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

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