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The development, implementation and evaluation of clinical pathways for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Saskatchewan: protocol for an interrupted times series evaluation

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Rotter, T, Plishka, C, Hansia, MR, Goodridge, D, Penz, E, Kinsman, L ORCID: 0000-0002-0790-5887, Lawal, A, O'Quinn, S, Buchan, N, Comfort, P, Patel, P, Anderson, S, Winkel, T, Lang, RL and Marciniuk, DD 2017 , 'The development, implementation and evaluation of clinical pathways for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Saskatchewan: protocol for an interrupted times series evaluation' , Bmc Health Services Research, vol. 17 , pp. 1-7 , doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2750-x.

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Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has substantial economic and human costs; it isexpected to be the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. To minimize these costs high qualityguidelines have been developed. However, guidelines alone rarely result in meaningful change. One method ofintegrating guidelines into practice is the use of clinical pathways (CPWs). CPWs bring available evidence to a rangeof healthcare professionals by detailing the essential steps in care and adapting guidelines to the local context.Methods/design: We are working with local stakeholders to develop CPWs for COPD with the aims of improvingcare while reducing utilization. The CPWs will employ several steps including: standardizing diagnostic training,unifying components of chronic disease care, coordinating education and reconditioning programs, and ensuringcare uses best practices. Further, we have worked to identify evidence-informed implementation strategies whichwill be tailored to the local context.We will conduct a three-year research project using an interrupted time series (ITS) design in the form of a multiplebaseline approach with control groups. The CPW will be implemented in two health regions (experimental groups) andtwo health regions will act as controls (control groups). The experimental and control groups will each contain an urbanand rural health region. Primary outcomes for the study will be quality of care operationalized using hospital readmissionrates and emergency department (ED) presentation rates. Secondary outcomes will be healthcare utilization andguideline adherence, operationalized using hospital admission rates, hospital length of stay and general practitioner (GP)visits. Results will be analyzed using segmented regression analysis.Discussion: Funding has been procured from multiple stakeholders. The project has been deemed exempt from ethicsreview as it is a quality improvement project. Intervention implementation is expected to begin in summer of 2017.This project is expected to improve quality of care and reduce healthcare utilization. In addition it will provide evidenceon the effects of CPWs in both urban and rural settings. If the CPWs are found effective we will work with allstakeholders to implement similar CPWs in surrounding health regions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Rotter, T and Plishka, C and Hansia, MR and Goodridge, D and Penz, E and Kinsman, L and Lawal, A and O'Quinn, S and Buchan, N and Comfort, P and Patel, P and Anderson, S and Winkel, T and Lang, RL and Marciniuk, DD
Keywords: lung disease; evidence based practice
Journal or Publication Title: Bmc Health Services Research
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
ISSN: 1472-6963
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s12913-017-2750-x
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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