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Siting offshore energy arrays

Alexander, KA ORCID: 0000-0001-8801-413X, Janssen, R and O'Higgins, TG 2018 , 'Siting offshore energy arrays', in KL Yates and CJA Bradshaw (eds.), Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning , Routledge, London, pp. 274-283.

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In 2010, Jack Dangermond, president of Environmental Systems Research Institute(Esri) spoke to the conference about ‘GeoDesign’, a concept basedon a book written in the 1960s by landscape architect Ian McHarg. In this book,‘Design with Nature’, McHarg pioneered the concept of ecological planning,showing how scientific information, maps, and more could be combined and integratedwith the design process to make harmonious and responsible plans. Thebook inspired Jack Dangermond and it was this idea that led to the creation ofthe organisation Esri—the world’s most successful spatial analysis company thatbuilds, and enables software users to build, geographic information systems (GIS). Yet, the president of Esri did not believe this was enough. He suggested thatwe need to be able to harness everything we can measure—from ecologyandbiology to geology, hydrology, meteorology and other scientific data—anduse them to design a better world, a world that considers the character of theenvironment and integrates it into what we design. While the name is new,the concept is ancient. The role of cartography and planning in human developmenthas been immense (Harley and Woodward, 1987), the overall aim ofwhich is to infuse design with science-based and value-based information toenable planners and stakeholders to facilitate holistic planning decisions. Geodesign is ‘design in geographic space’ that provides the frameworkfor exploring issues from an interdisciplinary point of view by combiningscience- and value-based designs. It is a set of technological ideas that combinegeography with design. It does this by providing tools, such as simulationmodels, multi-criteria analysis, visualisation, spatial optimisation andreal-time feedback. Using a case study, we describe the use of geodesign toolsto facilitate collaborative marine planning based around a prospective tidalenergy extraction site on the west coast of Scotland.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Alexander, KA and Janssen, R and O'Higgins, TG
Keywords: partipatory GIS, marine spatial planning
Publisher: Routledge
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Copyright 2018 Individual chapters, the contributors

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