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Nutrition transition and obesity among teenagers and young adults in South Asia

Jayawardena, R, Ranasinghe, P, Wijayabandara, M, Hills, AP ORCID: 0000-0002-7787-7201 and Misra, A 2017 , 'Nutrition transition and obesity among teenagers and young adults in South Asia' , Current diabetes reviews, vol. 13, no. 5 , pp. 444-451 , doi: 10.2174/1573399812666160808100211.

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Abstract

Introduction: Obesity among teenagers/adolescents and young adults isassociated with significant adverse short and longer-term effects on health. To date,no narrative reviews have evaluated nutrition transition and its contribution to theobesity epidemic among adolescents and young adults in the South Asian (SA) region.Methods: Data were retrieved by a four-stage systematic search process. A search ofthe online PubMed/Medline, SciVerse Scopus and Web of Science databases wasperformed. The age groups were defined as follows; teenage:13-19 years, adolescence:10-18years and young adult:19-24 years.Results: Among teenagers/adolescents, the prevalence of overweight ranged from 11.0% (Sri Lanka) to19.0% (India), while obesity ranged from 2.4% (Sri Lanka) to 11.0% (Pakistan). In young adults, prevalenceof overweight ranged between 7.9% (Nepal) to 15.0% (Pakistan), while obesity showed a muchwider variation (0.005%[Nepal] – 22.8%[India]). Nutritional risk factors associated with overweight/obesityamong SAs of this age group included reduced fruit and vegetable consumption, a totalvegetarian diet, consumption of fast food and soft drinks, and skipping breakfast. Other contributing factorsidentified were: adding extra salt to meals, eating meals outside of the home, frequently visiting restaurantsand eating while watching television. Daily milk/yoghurt consumption and a family supperhave shown a protective effect against overweight/obesity.Conclusions: Overweight and obesity are common amongst teenagers/adolescents and young adults ofthe SA region. Several food types and habits were identified as being associated with overweight/obesityin this population. Identifying common protective and contributory factors is very importantfor the development of a shared regional preventive strategy.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jayawardena, R and Ranasinghe, P and Wijayabandara, M and Hills, AP and Misra, A
Keywords: Adolescents, Nutrition transition, Obesity, Overweight, South Asia, Teenagers, Young adults
Journal or Publication Title: Current diabetes reviews
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISSN: 1573-3998
DOI / ID Number: 10.2174/1573399812666160808100211
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Bentham Science Publishers

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