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Behavioural responses of draughtboard sharks (Cephaloscyllium laticeps) to rare earth magnets: implications for shark bycatch management within the Tasmanian southern rock lobster fishery

Westlake, EL, Williams, Mike ORCID: 0000-0002-9912-2141 and Rawlinson, N ORCID: 0000-0001-9888-7786 2018 , 'Behavioural responses of draughtboard sharks (Cephaloscyllium laticeps) to rare earth magnets: implications for shark bycatch management within the Tasmanian southern rock lobster fishery' , Fisheries Research, vol. 200 , pp. 84-92 , doi: 10.1016/j.fishres.2018.01.001.

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Abstract

Catches of draughtboard shark (Cephaloscyllium laticeps) in the Tasmanian Southern Rock Lobster Fishery are considered an economic and potentially ecological issue. Consequently, there is interest in developing strategies to mitigate and minimise shark bycatch within this fishery. This field study examined the behavioural responses of draughtboard sharks to neodymium-iron-boron (Nd2Fe14B) rare earth magnetic rods attached to baited video apparatus. Two magnetic treatments and one control were used in 12 × 1.5 h observational trials conducted in inshore waters of Tasmania, Australia. Results demonstrate that draughtboard sharks: (1) showed substantial individual variation in behaviours both between and within treatments, with no patterns of individual responses observed over time to both magnetic treatments or the control, (2) showed significant differences in initial interactions between the magnetic treatments and the control, and (3) attempted to take bait at the control significantly more often than at the 2-magnet treatment. These findings demonstrate the individualistic and highly variable response behaviours of draughtboard sharks to rare earth magnets. Understanding such behaviours may facilitate the development of effective deterrent strategies in this fishery and improve management of shark-fishery interactions globally.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Westlake, EL and Williams, Mike and Rawlinson, N
Keywords: shark deterrent, aversion, bycatch mitigation, draughtboard shark
Journal or Publication Title: Fisheries Research
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0165-7836
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.fishres.2018.01.001
Copyright Information:

© 2018 Elsevier B.V

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