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Djerfisherite in the Udachnaya-East pipe kimberlites (Sakha-Yakutia, Russia): paragenesis, composition and origin

Sharygin, VV, Golovin, AV, Pokhilenko, NP and Kamenetsky, VS 2007 , 'Djerfisherite in the Udachnaya-East pipe kimberlites (Sakha-Yakutia, Russia): paragenesis, composition and origin' , European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 19, no. 1 , pp. 51-63 , doi:

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Djerfisherite, an unusual potassium- and chlorine-bearing sulphide K6Na(Fe,Ni,Cu)(24)S26Cl, is found in remarkably fresh rocks of the Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe, including several varieties of kimberlite and a kimberlite-hosted phlogopite-spinel lherzolite xenolith. In both kimberlite breccia and monticellite kimberlite djerfisherite is a common groundmass mineral. Djerfisherite is also present as a daughter phase in olivine-hosted inclusions of trapped carbonate-chloride melt and sulphide melt. The mineral is present as irregular or rounded grains (up to 80-100 mu m) in association with magnetite and pyrrhotite in the kimberlite groundmass, and together with carbonates, Na-K-chlorides, silicates, magnetite, sulphates and Fe-Ni-sulphides in melt inclusions. Djerfisherite in the lherzolite xenolith is mainly interstitial (up to 100 mu m) and commonly rims primary mantle sulphides that show clear signs of replacement. Broad compositional variations in Fe, Ni and Cu are common in djerfisherite from different occurrences of the Udachnaya-East pipe. Textural relations, heating stage experiments with melt inclusions and compositional data, suggest a late magmatic origin of djerfisherite in the Udachnaya-East kimberlite groundmass, at shallow depths and at T <= 800 degrees C. In contrast, djerfisherite in the lherzolite xenolith appears to be a product of direct precipitation from evolved kimberlite magma infiltrating into lithospheric xenoliths or reactions of evolved kimberlite fluids/melts with primary minerals in xenoliths.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Sharygin, VV and Golovin, AV and Pokhilenko, NP and Kamenetsky, VS
Keywords: djerfisherite, kimberlite, carbonatite, magma, mantle xenolith, potassium iron sulfide, kola-peninsula, oldoinyo-lengai, unaltered kimberlites, carbonatite volcano, crystal-structure, alkali chlorides, xenoliths, siberia, mantle
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
ISSN: 0935-1221
DOI / ID Number:
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