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Pornography use in sexual minority males: Associations with body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life

Griffiths, S, Mitchison, D, Murray, SB and Mond, JM ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-091X 2017 , 'Pornography use in sexual minority males: Associations with body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life' , The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry, vol. 52, no. 4 , pp. 339-348 , doi: 10.1177/0004867417728807.

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Abstract

Objective: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image–related and eating disorder–related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Ourprimary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males’ body dissatisfaction, eating disordersymptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that thetype of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i.e.regular) bodies, respectively, would moderate these associations.Methods: A sample of 2733 sexual minority males living in Australia and New Zealand completed an online survey thatcontained measures of pornography use, body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolicsteroids and quality of life.Results: Almost all (98.2%) participants reported pornography use with a median use of 5.33 hours per month. Multivariateanalyses revealed that increased pornography use was associated with greater dissatisfaction with muscularity,body fat and height; greater eating disorder symptoms; more frequent thoughts about using anabolic steroids; and lowerquality of life. Effect sizes for these associations were uniformly small. Neither relationship status nor genital dissatisfactionwas associated with pornography use. The association between pornography use and thoughts about using anabolicsteroids was stronger for viewers of professional pornography than viewers of amateur pornography.Conclusion: The findings suggest that the use of pornography is weakly associated with body dissatisfaction and relatedvariables and that the type of pornography (amateur vs professional) viewed may be a moderating factor in some cases.Within the limits of a cross-sectional study design, these findings may have implications for clinicians who treat individualswith eating disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence and related concerns.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Griffiths, S and Mitchison, D and Murray, SB and Mond, JM
Keywords: Pornography, Media, Body-image, Eating disorders, Sexual minority males
Journal or Publication Title: The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Asia
ISSN: 0004-8674
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/0004867417728807
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

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