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δ56Fe in seabird guano reveals extensive recycling of iron in the Southern Ocean ecosystem

Wing, SR, Gault-Ringold, M, Stirling, CH, Wing, LC, Shatova, OA and Frew, RD 2017 , 'δ56Fe in seabird guano reveals extensive recycling of iron in the Southern Ocean ecosystem' , Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 62, no. 4 , pp. 1671-1681 , doi: 10.1002/lno.10524.

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Abstract

Availability of iron limits productivity in the Southern Ocean where vast regions of high‐nitrogen low‐chlorophyll conditions are punctuated by hotspots of production surrounding the subAntarctic islands. Here, we compare patterns in accumulation of iron, as indicated by [Fe] and Fe : C (from Wing et al. 2014), with proxies for uptake of iron within food webs, as indicated by Fe : Al and δ56Fe within the subAntarctic Auckland Island ecosystem. We compare these proxies for dynamics of iron within egested material collected from six seabird species, representing three distinct foraging guilds. Fractions of biogenic iron, estimated from Fe : Al, were lowest in the coastal foraging guild (0.83 ± 0.01), and higher in the oceanic and predator guilds (0.94 ± 0.01 and 0.95 ± 0.01), consistent with high rates of biological recycling. The isotopic ratio of iron 56Fe/54Fe, reported as δ56Fe, is depleted in the heavy isotope 56Fe by recycling in the microbial loop, and is likely further depleted in 56Fe when taken up by animals within the food web. δ56Fe was most negative for the oceanic foraging group indicating intensive recycling (−1.16 ± 0.16‰), most positive in the coastal group where direct lithogenic sources of iron are more available (−0.14 ± 0.15‰), and intermediate

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Wing, SR and Gault-Ringold, M and Stirling, CH and Wing, LC and Shatova, OA and Frew, RD
Keywords: iron isotopes, seabirds, guano, sub-Antarctic
Journal or Publication Title: Limnology and Oceanography
Publisher: Amer Soc Limnology Oceanography
ISSN: 0024-3590
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/lno.10524
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography

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