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Can leaf architecture improve crop biomass and yield in wheat?

Merry, AM ORCID: 0000-0002-7901-2228, Acuna, TB ORCID: 0000-0003-2955-2450, Riffkin, P and Richards, R 2017 , 'Can leaf architecture improve crop biomass and yield in wheat?', paper presented at the 18th Australian Agronomy Conference 2017, 24-28 September 2017, Ballarat, Victoria.

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Abstract

It is proposed that an erect leaf-type might intercept more radiation, have greater radiation-use efficiency (RUE), and thus produce greater yields of wheat in the High Rainfall Zone (HRZ). A field experiment was undertaken in Cressy, Tasmania in 2016. Five of each erect and planophile lines, selected from the CSIRO wheat Multiparent Advanced Generation Inter Cross (MAGIC) population, were sown at three plant densities (100, 200 and 300 plants/m2) with three replicates. Planophile lines intercepted more light and had a greater leaf-area index (LAI) and aboveground dry matter (DM) at anthesis than erect leaves, which translated into a higher normalised difference vegetative index (NDVI). At harvest, planophile lines were taller and had greater stem DM and aboveground DM, but grain yield was the same as for erect leaves. Planophile lines had greater ear DM at harvest at low plant densities. Plant density otherwise had limited impact on yield and components of yield. Although leaf erectness is potentially a trait that is easy to target in breeding programs, it appears that planophile leaves may be more adaptive in this cool temperate environment. Further experiments across different sites and seasons are required to improve our understanding of the potential for leaf architecture to contribute to yield in the HRZ.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors/Creators:Merry, AM and Acuna, TB and Riffkin, P and Richards, R
Keywords: erect leaves, planophile leaves, leaf angle, high rainfall zone
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the 18th Australian Agronomy Conference 2017
Publisher: Australian Society of Agronomy
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 the Authors and the Australian Society of Agronomy

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