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Childhood socioeconomic status and lifetime health behaviors: The Young Finns Study

Puolakka, E, Pahkala, K, Laitinen, TT, Magnussen, CG ORCID: 0000-0002-6238-5730, Hutri-Kahaonen, N, Mannisto, S, Palve, KS, Tammelin, T, Tossavainen, P, Jokinen, E, Smith, KJ ORCID: 0000-0003-2793-3460, Laitinen, T, Elovainio, M, Pulkki-Raback, L, Viikari, JSA, Raitakari, OT and Juonala, M 2018 , 'Childhood socioeconomic status and lifetime health behaviors: The Young Finns Study' , International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 258 , pp. 289-294 , doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.01.088.

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Background: Differences in health behaviors partly explain the socioeconomic gap in cardiovascular health. We prospectively examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors in adulthood, and the difference of lifestyle factors according to childhood SES in multiple time points from childhood to adulthood.Methods and Results: The sample comprised 3453 participants aged 3-18 years at baseline (1980) from the longitudinal Young Finns Study. The participants were followed up for 31 years (N = 1675-1930). SES in childhood was characterized as reported annual family income and classified on an 8-point scale. Diet, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity were used as adult and life course lifestyle factors. Higher childhood SES predicted a healthier diet in adulthood in terms of lower consumption of meat (β ± SE -3.6 ± 0.99,p Conclusions: These results show that childhood SES associates with several lifestyle factors 31 years later in adulthood. Therefore, attention could be paid to lifestyle behaviors of children of low SES families to promote cardiovascular health.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Puolakka, E and Pahkala, K and Laitinen, TT and Magnussen, CG and Hutri-Kahaonen, N and Mannisto, S and Palve, KS and Tammelin, T and Tossavainen, P and Jokinen, E and Smith, KJ and Laitinen, T and Elovainio, M and Pulkki-Raback, L and Viikari, JSA and Raitakari, OT and Juonala, M
Keywords: cardiovascular disorders, health behaviors, preventive medicine, socioeconomic status
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Cardiology
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
ISSN: 0167-5273
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.01.088
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V.

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