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Body size and shape misperception and visual adaptation: An overview of an emerging research paradigm

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Challinor, KL, Mond, J ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-091X, Stephen, ID, Mitchison, D, Stevenson, RJ, Hay, P and Brooks, KR 2017 , 'Body size and shape misperception and visual adaptation: An overview of an emerging research paradigm' , Journal of International Medical Research, vol. 45, no. 6 , pp. 2001-2008 , doi: 10.1177/0300060517726440.

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Abstract

Although body size and shape misperception (BSSM) is a common feature of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia, little is known about its underlying neural mechanisms. Recently, a new approach has emerged, based on the long-established non-invasive technique of perceptual adaptation, which allows for inferences about the structure of the neural apparatus responsible for alterations in visual appearance. Here, we describe several recent experimental examples of BSSM, wherein exposure to "extreme" body stimuli causes visual aftereffects of biased perception. The implications of these studies for our understanding of the neural and cognitive representation of human bodies, along with their implications for clinical practice are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Challinor, KL and Mond, J and Stephen, ID and Mitchison, D and Stevenson, RJ and Hay, P and Brooks, KR
Keywords: Body image, Adaptation, Distortion, Eating disorders, Misperception
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of International Medical Research
Publisher: Cambridge Med Publ
ISSN: 0300-0605
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/0300060517726440
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The AuthorsLicensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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