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Replacement treatment during extinction training with the atypical dopamine uptake inhibitor, JHW-007, reduces relapse to methamphetamine seeking

Dassanayake, AF and Canales, JJ ORCID: 0000-0003-2884-5227 2018 , 'Replacement treatment during extinction training with the atypical dopamine uptake inhibitor, JHW-007, reduces relapse to methamphetamine seeking' , Neuroscience Letters, vol. 671 , pp. 88-92 , doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2018.02.025.

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Abstract

There are currently no approved medications to effectively counteract the effects of methamphetamine (METH), reduce its abuse and prolong abstinence from it. Data accumulated in recent years have shown that a range of N-substituted benztropine (BZT) analogues possesses psychopharmacological features consistent with those of a potential replacement or "substitute" treatment for stimulant addiction. On the other hand, the evidence that antidepressant therapy may effectively prevent relapse to stimulant seeking is controversial. Here, we compared in rats the ability of the BZT analogue and high affinity dopamine (DA) reuptake inhibitor, JHW-007, and the antidepressant, trazodone, administered during extinction sessions after chronic METH self-administration, to alter METH-primed reinstatement of drug seeking. The data showed that trazodone produced paradoxical effects on lever pressing during extinction of METH self-administration, decreasing active, but increasing inactive, lever pressing. JHW-007 did not have any observable effects on extinction training. Importantly, JHW-007 significantly attenuated METH-primed reinstatement, whereas trazodone enhanced it. These findings lend support to the candidacy of selective DA uptake blockers, such as JHW-007, as potential treatments for METH addiction, but not to the use of antidepressant medication as a single therapeutic approach for relapse prevention.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Dassanayake, AF and Canales, JJ
Keywords: addiction, pharmacotherapeutics
Journal or Publication Title: Neuroscience Letters
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
ISSN: 0304-3940
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.neulet.2018.02.025
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V.

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