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Avoiding a crisis of motivation for ocean management under global environmental change

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Mumby, PJ, Sanchirico, JN, Broad, K, Beck, MW, Tyedmers, P, Morikawa, M, Okey, TA, Crowder, LB, Fulton, EA, Kelso, D, Kleypas, JA, Munch, SB, Glynn, P, Matthews, K and Lubchenco, J 2017 , 'Avoiding a crisis of motivation for ocean management under global environmental change' , Global Change Biology, vol. 23, no. 11 , pp. 4483-4496 , doi: 10.1111/gcb.13698.

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Abstract

Climate change and ocean acidification are altering marine ecosystems and, from a human perspective, creating both winners and losers. Human responses to these changes are complex, but may result in reduced government investments in regulation, resource management, monitoring and enforcement. Moreover, a lack of peoples' experience of climate change may drive some towards attributing the symptoms of climate change to more familiar causes such as management failure. Taken together, we anticipate that management could become weaker and less effective as climate change continues. Using diverse case studies, including the decline of coral reefs, coastal defences from flooding, shifting fish stocks and the emergence of new shipping opportunities in the Arctic, we argue that human interests are better served by increased investments in resource management. But greater government investment in management does not simply mean more of 'business-as-usual.' Management needs to become more flexible, better at anticipating and responding to surprise, and able to facilitate change where it is desirable. A range of technological, economic, communication and governance solutions exists to help transform management. While not all have been tested, judicious application of the most appropriate solutions should help humanity adapt to novel circumstances and seek opportunity where possible.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mumby, PJ and Sanchirico, JN and Broad, K and Beck, MW and Tyedmers, P and Morikawa, M and Okey, TA and Crowder, LB and Fulton, EA and Kelso, D and Kleypas, JA and Munch, SB and Glynn, P and Matthews, K and Lubchenco, J
Keywords: arctic, fisheries, coral reefs, tipping point resilience, ocean management, global environmental change, climate change, marine ecosystems
Journal or Publication Title: Global Change Biology
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN: 1354-1013
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/gcb.13698
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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