Open Access Repository

A motivational model of physical education and links to enjoyment, knowledge, performance, total physical activity and body mass index

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Grasten, A ORCID: 0000-0002-9598-7949 and Watt, A 2017 , 'A motivational model of physical education and links to enjoyment, knowledge, performance, total physical activity and body mass index' , Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, vol. 16, no. 3 , pp. 318-327 .

[img]
Preview
PDF
Grasten & Watt ...pdf | Download (759kB)

| Preview

Abstract

The present paper examined the full sequence of the HierarchicalModel of Motivation in physical education (PE) includingmotivational climate, basic psychological needs, intrinsicmotivation, and related links to contextual enjoyment,knowledge, performance, and total moderate to vigorous physicalactivity (MVPA). Gender differences and correlations with bodymass index (BMI) were also analyzed. Cross-sectional data wasrepresented by self-reports and objective assessments of 770middle school students (52% of girls) in North-East Finland. Theresults showed that task-involving climate in girls’ PE classes wasrelated to enjoyment and knowledge through physicalcompetence and intrinsic motivation, whereas task-involvingclimate was associated with enjoyment and knowledge viacompetence and autonomy, and total MVPA via autonomy,intrinsic motivation, and knowledge within boys. This mayindicate that girls and boys perceive PE classes in a different way.Graded PE assessments appeared to be essential in motivatingboth girls and boys to participate in greater total MVPA, whereasBMI was negatively linked with competence and socialrelatedness only among girls. Although, the current and previousempirical findings supported task-involving teaching methods inPE, in some cases, ego-involving climate should be considered.Therefore, both task- and ego-involving teaching practices can beuseful ways of developing preferred behaviors in PE classes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Grasten, A and Watt, A
Keywords: motivation, physical education assessment, school health, structural equation
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Publisher: Department of Sports Medicine, Uludag University
ISSN: 1303-2968
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Related URLs:
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP