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Burnout and compassion fatigue: prevalence and associations among Israeli burn clinicians

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Haik, J, Brown, S, Liran, A, Visentin, D ORCID: 0000-0001-9961-4384, Sokolov, A, Zilinsky, I and Kornhaber, K ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775 2017 , 'Burnout and compassion fatigue: prevalence and associations among Israeli burn clinicians' , Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, vol. 13 , pp. 1533-1540 , doi: 10.2147/NDT.S133181.

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Abstract

Acute health care environments can be stressful settings with clinicians experiencingdeleterious effects of burnout and compassion fatigue affecting their mental health. Subsequently,the quality of patient care and outcomes may be threatened if clinicians experience burnout orcompassion fatigue. Therefore, the aim of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluatethe prevalence of burnout and compassion fatigue among burn clinicians in Israel. Fifty-five cliniciansfrom Burns, Plastics and Reconstruction Surgery and Intensive Care completed four validatedsurveys to assess burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), depression (PRIME-MD), healthrelatedquality of life (SF-8), and compassion fatigue (Professional Quality of Life version 5).Burn clinicians were compared with Plastics and Reconstruction Surgery and Intensive Careclinicians. This study identified a high prevalence of burnout (38.2%) among Intensive Care,Plastics and Reconstruction and Burns clinicians, with Burns clinicians having a greatly increasedprevalence of burnout compared to Intensive Care clinicians (OR =24.3, P=0.017). Additionalfactors contributing to compassion fatigue were those without children (P=0.016), divorced(P=0.035), of a younger age (P=0.019), and a registered nurse (P=0.05). Burnout increasedclinicians’ risk of adverse professional and personal outcomes and correlated with less free time(P,0.001), increased risk of experiencing work-home disputes (P=0.05), increased depression(P=0.001) and decreased career satisfaction (P=0.01). Burnout was also associated with higherphysical (mean difference =3.8, P,0.001) and lower mental (mean difference =−3.5, P,0.001)Quality of Life scores. Caring for burn survivors can lead to burnout, compassion fatigue, andvicarious trauma. Identifying strategies to abate these issues is essential to ensure improvedclinicial environments and patient outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Haik, J and Brown, S and Liran, A and Visentin, D and Sokolov, A and Zilinsky, I and Kornhaber, K
Keywords: burnout, compassion fatigue, professional quality of life scale, resilience, burns, health personnel, emotional intelligence, psychological stress
Journal or Publication Title: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd.
ISSN: 1176-6328
DOI / ID Number: 10.2147/NDT.S133181
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Haik et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

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