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Australian nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention: A cross-sectional study

Usher, K, Woods, C, Brown, J, Power, T, Lea, J, Hutchinson, M, Mather, CA ORCID: 0000-0002-4301-0028, Miller, A ORCID: 0000-0002-1235-6982, Saunders, A, Mills, J, Zhao, L, Yates, K, Bodak, M, Southern, J and Jackson, D 2018 , 'Australian nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention: A cross-sectional study' , International journal of nursing studies, vol. 81 , pp. 14-20 , doi:

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Aim: The aim of this study was to assess student nurses’ knowledge of and attitudes towards pressure injuryprevention evidence-based guidelines.Background: Pressure injuries are a substantial problem in many healthcare settings causing major harm topatients, and generating major economic costs for health service providers. Nurses have a crucial role in theprevention of pressure injuries across all health care settings.Design: A multi-centered, cross-sectional study was conducted using a paper-based questionnaire with undergraduatenursing students enrolled in seven universities with campuses across five Australian states(Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania).Methods: Data were collected from nursing students using two validated instruments (Pressure Ulcer KnowledgeAssessment Instrument and Attitude Toward Pressure Ulcer Prevention Instrument), to measure students’pressure injury prevention knowledge and attitudes.Results: Students reported relatively low pressure injury prevention knowledge scores (51%), and high attitudescores (78%). Critical issues in this study were nursing students’ lack of knowledge about preventative strategiesto reduce the amount and duration of pressure/shear, and lower confidence in their capability to preventpressure injury. Level of education and exposure to working in a greater number of different clinical units weresignificantly related to pressure injury prevention knowledge and attitude scores.Conclusion: The study findings highlight the need to implement a comprehensive approach to increasingAustralian nursing students’ pressure injury prevention and management knowledge, as well as ensuring thatthese students have adequate experiences in clinical units, with a high focus on pressure injury prevention toraise their personal capability.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Usher, K and Woods, C and Brown, J and Power, T and Lea, J and Hutchinson, M and Mather, CA and Miller, A and Saunders, A and Mills, J and Zhao, L and Yates, K and Bodak, M and Southern, J and Jackson, D
Keywords: Attitudes, Guidelines, Knowledge, Nursing students, Patient safety, Pressure injury
Journal or Publication Title: International journal of nursing studies
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0020-7489
DOI / ID Number:
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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