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Do multinational subsidiaries demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country?: evidence from Ghana

Ayentimi, DT ORCID: 0000-0001-5952-3023, Burgess, J and Dayaram, K 2017 , 'Do multinational subsidiaries demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a less developed host-country?: evidence from Ghana' , Employee Relations, vol. 39, no. 7 , pp. 1066-1082 , doi: 10.1108/ER-10-2016-0203.

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Abstract

Purpose – Using an institutionalist perspective, and through a case study analysis, the purpose of this paperis to examine whether subsidiaries of MNEs demonstrate a convergence across their HRM practices in a lessdeveloped host-country context.Design/methodology/approach – This paper reports on an exploratory qualitative study involving fiveMNEs subsidiaries that operate in Ghana and originate from the UK, France, Germany, and India.The authors applied thematic and cross-case analysis techniques to explore similarities and differences intheir HRM practices by drawing data from in-depth face-to-face interviews and document analyses.Findings – Findings suggest that MNE subsidiaries demonstrate more convergence across their HRMpractices as well as other HRM characteristics. Despite the similarities in their HRM practices, the evidencesuggests that MNE subsidiaries’ HRM practices were similar to corporate headquarters HRM practices.It appears that the host-country has less influence in driving their convergence but rather the country-of-origineffect; competitive isomorphic pressure and global integration benefits were driving their convergence acrosstheir HRM practices.Originality/value – This study makes a contribution to the convergence-divergence literature in theinternational HRM (IHRM) domain with specific focus on addressing an under-researched context of lessdeveloped host-countries. One of the puzzles in comparative and IHRM literature yet to be resolved is theconvergence-divergence thesis of firms’ HRM practices.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Ayentimi, DT and Burgess, J and Dayaram, K
Keywords: human resource management, international organizations, emerging markets
Journal or Publication Title: Employee Relations
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN: 0142-5455
DOI / ID Number: 10.1108/ER-10-2016-0203
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited

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