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The enigma of male eating disorders: A critical review and synthesis

Murray, SB, Nagata, JM, Griffiths, S, Calzo, JP, Brown, TA, Mitchison, D, Blashill, AJ and Mond, JM ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-091X 2017 , 'The enigma of male eating disorders: A critical review and synthesis' , Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 57 , pp. 1-11 , doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2017.08.001.

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Abstract

Historically, male presentations of eating disorders (EDs) have been perceived as rare and atypical - a perception that has resulted in the systematic underrepresentation of males in ED research. This underrepresentation has profoundly impacted clinical practice with male patients, in which i) stigmatization and treatment non-engagement are more likely, ii) a distinct array of medical complexities are faced, and iii) symptom presentations differ markedly from female presentations. Further, the marginalization of males from ED research has hindered the assessment and clinical management of these presentations. This critical review provides an overview of the history of male EDs and synthesizes current evidence relating to the unique characteristics of male presentations across the diagnostic spectrum of disordered eating. Further, the emerging body of evidence relating to muscularity-oriented eating is synthesized in relation to the existing nosological framework of EDs. The impact of marginalizing male ED patients is discussed, in light of findings from epidemiological studies suggesting that clinicians will be increasingly likely to see males with ED in their practices. It is suggested that changes to current conceptualizations of ED pathology that better accommodation male ED presentations are needed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Murray, SB and Nagata, JM and Griffiths, S and Calzo, JP and Brown, TA and Mitchison, D and Blashill, AJ and Mond, JM
Keywords: Male eating disorders, Muscularity-oriented disordered eating, Male body image
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical Psychology Review
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0272-7358
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.cpr.2017.08.001
Copyright Information:

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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