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Automatic and efficient denoising of bioacoustics recordings using MMSE STSA

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Brown, A, Grag, S ORCID: 0000-0003-3510-2464 and Montgomery, J ORCID: 0000-0002-5360-7514 2017 , 'Automatic and efficient denoising of bioacoustics recordings using MMSE STSA' , IEEE Access, vol. 6 , pp. 5010-5022 , doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2782778.

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Abstract

Automatic recording and analysis of bird calls is becoming an important way to understand changes in bird populations and assess environmental health. An issue currently proving problematic with the automatic analysis of bird recordings is interference from noise that can mask vocalisations of interest. As such, noise reduction can greatly increase the accuracy of automatic analyses and reduce processing work for subsequent steps in bioacoustics analyses. However, only limited work has been done in the context of bird recordings. Most semiautomatic methods either manually apply sound enhancement methods available in audio processing systems such as SoX and Audacity or apply preliminary filters such as low and highpass filters. These methods are insufficient both in terms of how generically they can be applied and their integration with automatic systems that need to process large amounts of data. Some other work applied more sophisticated denoising methods or combinations of different methods such as Minimum Mean Square Error Short Time Spectral Amplitude estimator (MMSE STSA) and Spectral Subtraction (SS) for other species such as anurans. However their effectiveness is not tested on bird recordings. In this paper, we analyse the applicability of the MMSE STSA algorithm to remove noise from environmental recordings containing bird sounds, particularly focusing on its quality and processing time. The experimental evaluation using real data clearly shows that MMSE STSA can reduce noise with similar effectiveness (using objective metrics such as Predicted Signal Quality (SIG)) to a previously recommended wavelet transform based denoising technique while executing between approximately 5–300 times faster depending on the audio files tested.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Brown, A and Grag, S and Montgomery, J
Keywords: birds, bioacoustics, big data, noise reduction, noise measurement, wavelet transforms
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Access
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI / ID Number: 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2782778
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 IEEE.

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