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Validity of the Workers Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) in patients with systemic sclerosis

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Morrisroe, K, Stevens, W, Huq, M, Sahhar, J, Ngian, GS, Zochling, J, Roddy, J, Proudman, SM and Nikpour, M 2017 , 'Validity of the Workers Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) in patients with systemic sclerosis' , Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, vol. 35, no. Suppl. , S130-S137 .

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the construct validity of the Workers Productivity and Impairment Activity Index: Specific Health Problem (WPAI:SHP) in Australian systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients.Methods: SSc patients, identified through the Australian Scleroderma Cohort Study database, completed the WPAI:SHP and a quality of life instrument (PROMIS-29) cross-sectionally. The construct validity of the WPAI:SHP was assessed by the correlations between the WPAI:SHP and a range of SSc health states. Non-parametric correlation, including Spearman's correlation (ρ), was used to test the validity of WPAI:SHP and ability to distinguish between different health states.Results: A total of 476 completed questionnaires was returned, equating to a response rate of 63.7%. Among those under 65 years of age, 155 patients (55.2%) were in paid employment. Employed patients had a mean (± SD) age of 56.5 (9.8) years and were predominantly female (87.3%) with limited disease subtype (75.6%). The WPAI:SHP showed construct validity based on moderate to strong correlations with health status as assessed by a range of health outcome measures including disease activity (ρ=0.34-0.39, p=0.001), physical function (ρ=0.55-0.62, p=0.001), disease severity(ρ=0.55-0.62, p=0.001), fatigue (ρ= 0.62-0.63, p=0.001), pain (ρ=0.68-0.71, p=0.001), and breathlessness (ρ=0.39-0.46, p=0.001). Furthermore, according to the effect size, the WPAI:SHP scores have a large discriminative ability (d=1.26-1.47) for distinguishing SSc patients with different health outcomes.Conclusions: The WPAI is a valid questionnaire for assessing impairments in paid employment and social activities in SSc patients, and for measuring the relative differences between SSc patients with varying health states.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Morrisroe, K and Stevens, W and Huq, M and Sahhar, J and Ngian, GS and Zochling, J and Roddy, J and Proudman, SM and Nikpour, M
Keywords: systemic sclerosis, workers productivity and activity impairment questionnaire, absenteeism, presenteeism
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Publisher: Clinical & Exper Rheumatology
ISSN: 0392-856X
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© Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

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