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Pushbroom hyperspectral imaging from an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) - geometric processing workflow and accuracy assessment

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Turner, D ORCID: 0000-0002-3029-6717, Lucieer, A ORCID: 0000-0002-9468-4516, McCabe, M, Parkes, S and Clarke, I 2018 , 'Pushbroom hyperspectral imaging from an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) - geometric processing workflow and accuracy assessment', in International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial information , Copernicus GmbH, Germany, pp. 379-384 , doi: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W6-379-2017.

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Abstract

In this study, we assess two push broom hyperspectral sensors as carried by small (10 – 15 kg) multi-rotor Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). We used a Headwall Photonics micro-Hyperspec push broom sensor with 324 spectral bands (4 – 5 nm FWHM) and a Headwall Photonics nano-Hyperspec sensor with 270 spectral bands (6 nm FWHM) both in the VNIR spectral range (400 – 1000 nm). A gimbal was used to stabilise the sensors in relation to the aircraft flight dynamics, and for the microHyperspec a tightly coupled dual frequency Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver, an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), and Machine Vision Camera (MVC) were used for attitude and position determination. For the nano-Hyperspec, a navigation grade GNSS system and IMU provided position and attitude data. This study presents the geometric results of one flight over a grass oval on which a dense Ground Control Point (GCP) network was deployed. The aim being to ascertain the geometric accuracy achievable with the system. Using the PARGE software package (ReSe – Remote Sensing Applications) we ortho-rectify the push broom hyperspectral image strips and then quantify the accuracy of the ortho-rectification by using the GCPs as check points.The orientation (roll, pitch, and yaw) of the sensor is measured by the IMU. Alternatively imagery from a MVC running at 15 Hz, with accurate camera position data can be processed with Structure from Motion (SfM) software to obtain an estimated camera orientation. In this study, we look at which of these data sources will yield a flight strip with the highest geometric accuracy.

Item Type: Conference Publication
Authors/Creators:Turner, D and Lucieer, A and McCabe, M and Parkes, S and Clarke, I
Keywords: UAS, push broom, hyperspectral, geometric accuracy, PARGE
Journal or Publication Title: International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial information
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
ISSN: 1682-1750
DOI / ID Number: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W6-379-2017
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 the Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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