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Trace elements and minerals in fumarolic sulfur: the case of Ebeko Volcano, Kuriles

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Shevko, EP, Bortnikova, SB, Abrosimova, NA, Kamenetsky, VS ORCID: 0000-0002-2734-8790, Bortnikova, SP, Panin, GL and Zelenski, M 2018 , 'Trace elements and minerals in fumarolic sulfur: the case of Ebeko Volcano, Kuriles' , Geofluids, vol. 2018 , pp. 1-16 , doi: 10.1155/2018/4586363.

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Abstract

Native sulfur deposits on fumarolic fields at Ebeko volcano (Northern Kuriles, Russia) are enriched in chalcophile elements (As-Sb-Se-Te-Hg-Cu) and contain rare heavy metal sulfides (Ag2S, HgS, and CuS), native metal alloys (Au2Pd), and some other low-solubility minerals (CaWO4, BaSO4). Sulfur incrustations are impregnated with numerous particles of fresh and altered andesite groundmass and phenocrysts (pyroxene, magnetite) as well as secondary minerals, such as opal, alunite, and abundant octahedral pyrite crystals. The comparison of elemental abundances in sulfur and unaltered rocks (andesite) demonstrated that rock-forming elements (Ca, K, Fe, Mn, and Ti) and other lithophile and chalcophile elements are mainly transported by fumarolic gas as aerosol particles, whereas semimetals (As, Sb, Se, and Te), halogens (Br and I), and Hg are likely transported as volatile species, even at temperatures slightly above 100°C. The presence of rare sulfides (Ag2S, CuS, and HgS) together with abundant FeS2 in low-temperature fumarolic environments can be explained by the hydrochloric leaching of rock particles followed by the precipitation of low-solubility sulfides induced by the reaction of acid solutions with H2S at ambient temperatures. The elemental composition of native sulfur can be used to qualitatively estimate elemental abundances in low-temperature fumarolic gases.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Shevko, EP and Bortnikova, SB and Abrosimova, NA and Kamenetsky, VS and Bortnikova, SP and Panin, GL and Zelenski, M
Keywords: Volcanism, degassing, native sulfur, mineralization, geochemistry
Journal or Publication Title: Geofluids
Publisher: Blackwell Publ Ltd
ISSN: 1468-8115
DOI / ID Number: 10.1155/2018/4586363
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The AuthorsLicensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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