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Type-D Personality and Elevated Psychological Symptoms In Early Adjustment of Severe Burn Injury Patients

Mujezinovic, A, Kwiet, J, Kornhaber, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775, Holt, R, Streimer, J, Vandervord, J, Rogers, V, Shaw, J, Law, J, Cleary, M ORCID: 0000-0002-1453-4850 and McLean, L 2018 , 'Type-D Personality and Elevated Psychological Symptoms In Early Adjustment of Severe Burn Injury Patients' , Issues in Mental Health Nursing , pp. 1-7 , doi:

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Severe burn injuries are highly traumatic requiring lengthy recovery. High levels of distress in the earlystages of treatment have been associated with poor physical and psychosocial recovery outcomes. Identifyingtraits relating to distress and personal coping styles may aid screening. Type-D, or ‘distressed’, personalitymay be such a trait. Type-D personality refers to an ongoing personality organization defined bya tendency to experience greater negative emotions and thoughts while simultaneously socially inhibitingtheir expression (Denollet et al., 1996. Type-D has been linked to poor health outcomes in those withcardiovascular disease as well as other populations and has been found to be associated with elevated psychologicalsymptoms. Currently, there are no investigations in the literature looking at Type-D in the severeburns injury population. This study aimed to investigate Type-D in severe burn injury patients, specificallyregarding the presence of psychological symptoms in early treatment, using data gathered during a pilotstudy conducted at a severe burn injury unit. The DS-16, Davidson Trauma scale and Depression Anxiety andStress Scale scores were analysed along with demographic and clinical data in 54 participants (40 males, 14females). Participants who were found to have Type-D displayed significantly higher levels of psychopathology.Additionally, Type-D was found to be a significant predictor of psychological symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Mujezinovic, A and Kwiet, J and Kornhaber, R and Holt, R and Streimer, J and Vandervord, J and Rogers, V and Shaw, J and Law, J and Cleary, M and McLean, L
Keywords: Type-D Personality, Elevated Psychological Symptoms, Early Adjustment of Severe Burn Injury Patients
Journal or Publication Title: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc.
ISSN: 0161-2840
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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