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Determinants of Anxiety and Depression Among University Students of Lahore

Saeed, H, Saleem, Z, Ashraf, M, Razzaq, N, Akhtar, K, Maryam, A, Abbas, N, Akhtar, A, Fatima, N, Khan, K and Rasool, F 2017 , 'Determinants of Anxiety and Depression Among University Students of Lahore' , International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction , pp. 1-16 , doi: 10.1007/s11469-017-9859-3.

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Abstract

Benefits from an improved understanding of mental health of young adults, particularlystudents, affecting their academic performance are likely to be numerous. Thus, weaimed at evaluating anxiety and depression among annual and semester university students ofLahore, Pakistan. A cross-sectional study of 7 months duration was designed by enrolling atotal of 404 students from two private and two public sector universities of Lahore. We foundsignificant differences in frequency distribution with regard to age (p = 0.003), marital status(p = 0.01), living status (p = 0.004), and reasons affecting of mental health (p = 0.004) betweenannual and semester system students. Students enrolled in annual system exhibited higher oddsof anxiety, mild (OR 2.7, p = 0.019), and extremely severe (OR 2.6, p = 0.002), compared tosemester students. In overall assessment of university students, after univariate analysis,multivariate analysis demonstrated significant association of depression with male students(OR 2.3, p = 0.001), age ≤ 22 years (OR 2.8, p = 0.0005) and living status (OR 5.96, p = 0.0005). Similarly, as for anxiety, only male students demonstrated higher odds of anxiety (OR2.8, p = 0.0005). As expected, compared to a single reason, multiple reasons affecting student’smental health demonstrated significant association with all three determinants of mental health,i.e., stress (OR 0.36, p = 0.0005), anxiety (OR 0.31, p = 0.0005), and depression (OR 0.5, p =0.0005). Taken together, these data suggested higher prevalence of anxiety among annualsystem students, mainly because of studies, while in overall assessment male students andstudents at an early stage of their life at the university were susceptible to anxiety anddepression, probably due to multiple reasons affecting their mental health.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Saeed, H and Saleem, Z and Ashraf, M and Razzaq, N and Akhtar, K and Maryam, A and Abbas, N and Akhtar, A and Fatima, N and Khan, K and Rasool, F
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Lahore, Pharmacy, Stress, Students, University
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
ISSN: 1557-1874
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s11469-017-9859-3
Copyright Information:

Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

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