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An experimental assessment of impacts of pollution sources on sessile biota in a temperate urbanised estuary

Fowles, AE, Edgar, GJ ORCID: 0000-0003-0833-9001, Hill, N ORCID: 0000-0001-9329-6717, Stuart-Smith, RD ORCID: 0000-0002-8874-0083 and Kirkpatrick, JB ORCID: 0000-0002-3152-3299 2018 , 'An experimental assessment of impacts of pollution sources on sessile biota in a temperate urbanised estuary' , Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 133 , pp. 209-217 , doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.05.040.

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Abstract

Populations of macro-algae and sessile invertebrates have precipitously declined in urbanised coastal waters in Australia since European occupation. Responses of healthy subtidal sessile assemblages to cumulative impacts and types of urban impacts were measured in one of the most polluted estuaries in Australia - the Derwent Estuary - by transplanting sessile communities established on pavers to locations adjacent to marinas, sewerage outfalls, fish farm cages, and stormwater discharges, each with associated controls. Reef communities translocated to sites adjacent to central urban pollution sources (within 5 km of Hobart) lost canopy-forming algae. Fish farms, marinas, and storm water drains were all characterised by higher filamentous algal cover than their controls. Marinas were associated with losses in canopy and foliose algae. Restoration of subtidal reef near highly urbanised areas is unlikely to be successful until current pollution levels are dramatically reduced.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Fowles, AE and Edgar, GJ and Hill, N and Stuart-Smith, RD and Kirkpatrick, JB
Keywords: field experiment, marinas, invasive species, fish farms, biodiversity, sewerage outfall, stormwater discharge, macroalgae
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0025-326X
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.05.040
Copyright Information:

© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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