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Genome sequencing uncovers phenocopies in primary progressive multiple sclerosis

Jia, X, Madireddy, L, Caillier, S, Santaniello, A, Esposito, F, Comi, G, Stuve, O, Zhou, Y ORCID: 0000-0003-1962-2574, Taylor, B, Kilpatrick, T, Martinelli-Boneschi, F, Cree, BAC, Oksenberg, JR, Hauser, SL and Baranzini, SE 2018 , 'Genome sequencing uncovers phenocopies in primary progressive multiple sclerosis' , Annals of Neurology , pp. 1-42 , doi:

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Objective: Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) causes accumulation of neurologic disability from disease onset without clinical attacks typical of relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS). However, whether genetic variation influences the disease course remains unclear. We aimed to determine whether mutations causative of neurologic disorders that share features with MS contribute to risk for developing PPMS.Methods: We examined whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data from 38 PPMS and 81 healthy subjects of European ancestry. We selected pathogenic variants exclusively found in PPMS patients that cause monogenic neurologic disorders, and performed two rounds of replication genotyping in 746 PPMS, 3049 RMS, and 1000 healthy subjects. To refine our findings, we examined the burden of rare, potentially pathogenic mutations in 41 genes that cause hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) in PPMS (n=314), SPMS (n=587), RMS (n=2,248), and healthy subjects (n=987) genotyped using the MS replication chip.Results: WGS and replication studies identified 3 pathogenic variants in PPMS patients that cause neurologic disorders sharing features with MS: KIF5A p.Ala361Val in Spastic Paraplegia 10, MLC1 p.Pro92Ser in Megalencephalic Leukodystrophy with Subcortical Cysts, and REEP1 c.606 + 43G>T in Spastic Paraplegia 31. Moreover, we detected a significant enrichment of HSP-related mutations in PPMS patients compared to controls (RR=1.95, 95% CI: 1.27-2.98, p=0.002), as well as in SPMS patients compared to controls (RR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.18-2.10, p=0.002). Importantly, this enrichment was not detected in RMS.Interpretation: This study provides evidence to support the hypothesis that rare Mendelian genetic variants contribute to the risk for developing progressive forms of multiple sclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Jia, X and Madireddy, L and Caillier, S and Santaniello, A and Esposito, F and Comi, G and Stuve, O and Zhou, Y and Taylor, B and Kilpatrick, T and Martinelli-Boneschi, F and Cree, BAC and Oksenberg, JR and Hauser, SL and Baranzini, SE
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, genetics, sequencing
Journal or Publication Title: Annals of Neurology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISSN: 0364-5134
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright 2018 American Neurological Association

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