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Differentiating littering, urban runoff and marine transport as sources of marine debris in coastal and estuarine environments

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Willis, K, Hardesty, BD, Kriwoken, L ORCID: 0000-0002-6942-8887 and Wilcox, C 2017 , 'Differentiating littering, urban runoff and marine transport as sources of marine debris in coastal and estuarine environments' , Scientific Reports, vol. 7 , pp. 1-9 , doi: 10.1038/srep44479.

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Abstract

Marine debris is a burgeoning global issue with economic, ecological and aesthetic impacts. While there are many studies now addressing this topic, the influence of urbanisation factors such as local population density, stormwater drains and roads on the distribution of coastal litter remains poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, we carried out standardized surveys at 224 transect surveys at 67 sites in two estuaries and along the open coast in Tasmania, Australia. We explored the relative support for three hypotheses regarding the sources of the debris; direct deposition by beachgoers, transport from surrounding areas via storm water drains and coastal runoff, and onshore transport from the marine system. We found strong support for all three mechanisms, however, onshore transport from the marine reservoir was the most important mechanism. Overall, the three models together explained 45.8 percent of the variation in our observations. Our results also suggest that most debris released into the marine environment is deposited locally, which may be the answer to where all the missing plastic is in the ocean. Furthermore, local interventions are likely to be most effective in reducing land-based inputs into the ocean.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Willis, K and Hardesty, BD and Kriwoken, L and Wilcox, C
Keywords: urban runoff, estuarine, coastal, marine debris
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI / ID Number: 10.1038/srep44479
Copyright Information:

© 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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