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A longitudinal look at habit strength as a measure of success in decreasing prolonged occupational sitting: an evidence-based public health initiative

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Pedersen, SJ ORCID: 0000-0002-8566-7693, Cooley, PD, Mainsbridge, CP ORCID: 0000-0002-4600-2058 and Cruickshank, VJ ORCID: 0000-0002-9766-6807 2018 , 'A longitudinal look at habit strength as a measure of success in decreasing prolonged occupational sitting: an evidence-based public health initiative' , Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, vol. 8, no. 2 , pp. 35-48 , doi: 10.4236/ojsst.2018.82004.

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Abstract

Background: Sitting to perform desk-based work is considered to be a habit. To test this hypothesis, desk-based workers volunteered to be part of a yearlong pilot study utilising an e-health intervention designed to interrupt prolonged workplace sitting with movement breaks. Methods: Participants in a passive-prompt group had to engage with an e-health software programme on an hourly basis during work hours, while participants in an active-prompt group were allowed to postpone the prompt each hour. Daily adherence data and self-reported sitting habit strength were measured every 13 weeks for one year. A mixed design ANOVA was used to determine significant differences at the p < 0.05 level. Results: Passive-prompt participants reported significant improvements in reducing sitting habit strength over time, compared to active-prompt participants who actually reported increased sitting habit strength. Conclusions: This study provided preliminary evidence that changing desk-based workers’ sitting habits might be more difficult than previously estimated and that passive-based interventions could be one solution.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Pedersen, SJ and Cooley, PD and Mainsbridge, CP and Cruickshank, VJ
Keywords: sedentary behaviour, e-health solutions, habit strength, workplace health, occupational sitting, habit strength, e-health intervention
Journal or Publication Title: Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc.
ISSN: 2162-5999
DOI / ID Number: 10.4236/ojsst.2018.82004
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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