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Growth and development responses of crop plants under drought stress: a review

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Anjum, SA, Ashraf, U, Zohaib, A, Tanveer, M, Naeem, M, Ali, I, Tabassum, T and Nazir, U 2017 , 'Growth and development responses of crop plants under drought stress: a review' , Zemdirbyste, vol. 104, no. 3 , pp. 267-276 , doi: 10.13080/z-a.2017.104.034.

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Abstract

Water deficit conditions are a bearing on plant growth and development leading to diminished crop productivity. However, improving the crop productivity is need of the time to sustain the food security under ever increasing world population. Drought episodes are increasing with varying intensity and duration. Drought stress imposes alterations in crucial plant growth and developmental processes, including germination, plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, leaf size and area, dry matter production and partitioning, flower and fruit production, and maturity. Nonetheless, plants show some morphological changes to cope with drought stress by lowering water loss, enhanced water uptake and maintenance of tissue water status. Some plants complete their life cycle early before the onset of drought to escape water deficit conditions. Identification of effects of drought stress on morphological attributes and morphological changes in response to drought can be promising for selection and breeding of drought resistant genotypes.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Anjum, SA and Ashraf, U and Zohaib, A and Tanveer, M and Naeem, M and Ali, I and Tabassum, T and Nazir, U
Keywords: drought, growth and development, morphology, phenology, plant responses
Journal or Publication Title: Zemdirbyste
Publisher: Lithuanian
ISSN: 1392-3196
DOI / ID Number: 10.13080/z-a.2017.104.034
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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