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Soil compaction effects on soil health and cropproductivity: an overview

Shah, AN, Tanveer, M, Shahzad, B, Yang, G, Fahad, S, Ali, S, Bukhari, MA, Tung, SA, Hafeez, A and Souliyanonh, B 2017 , 'Soil compaction effects on soil health and cropproductivity: an overview' , Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 24, no. 11 , pp. 10056-10067 , doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-8421-y.

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Abstract

Soil compaction causes substantial reduction in agriculture productivity and has always been of great distress for farmers. Intensive agriculture seems to be more crucial in causing compaction. High mechanical load, less crop diversification, intensive grazing, and irrigation methods lead to soil compaction. It is further exasperated when these factors are accompanied with low organic matter, animal trampling, engine vibrations, and tillage at high moisture contents. Soil compaction increases soil bulk density and soil strength, while decreases porosity, aggregate stability index, soil hydraulic conductivity, and nutrient availability, thus reduces soil health. Consequently, it lowers crop performance via stunted aboveground growth coupled with reduced root growth. This paper reviews the potential causes of compaction and its consequences that have been published in last two decades. Various morphological and physiological alterations in plant as result of soil compaction have also been discussed in this review.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Shah, AN and Tanveer, M and Shahzad, B and Yang, G and Fahad, S and Ali, S and Bukhari, MA and Tung, SA and Hafeez, A and Souliyanonh, B
Keywords: land degradation, soil compaction, soil health, soil harness, tillage, root growth, stomatal conductance
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher: Ecomed Publishers
ISSN: 0944-1344
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s11356-017-8421-y
Copyright Information:

Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

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