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Low FODMAP: A Preliminary Strategy to Reduce Gastrointestinal Distress in Athletes

Lis, DM, Stellingwerff, T, Kitic, C ORCID: 0000-0001-9866-5665, Fell, JW ORCID: 0000-0001-6094-9865 and Ahuja, KDK ORCID: 0000-0002-0323-4692 2017 , 'Low FODMAP: A Preliminary Strategy to Reduce Gastrointestinal Distress in Athletes' , Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 50, no. 1 , pp. 116-123 , doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001419.

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Abstract

Introduction: Gastrointestinal (GI) distress in endurance athletes is prevalent and detrimental toperformance. Adverse GI symptomatology can be analogous with irritable bowel syndrome,where fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols (FODMAP)reduction has demonstrated efficacy. This study investigated the effects of low FODMAP(LFOD) diet on GI distress parameters in runners with a history of non-clinical exerciseassociatedGI symptoms. Methods: Eleven recreationally competitive runners (5 males, 6females; 5km personal best 23:00±4:02 min:sec) participated in the study. Runners wereallocated to a randomized 6-day LFOD or high FODMAP (HFOD) diet separated by a 1-daywash-out in a controlled, single-blinded cross-over study. In each period participants completedtwo strenuous running sessions consisting of 5x1000m and a 7km threshold run. GI symptoms(during-exercise and daily) and the Daily Analysis of Life Demand for Athletes (DALDA)questionnaires were completed. Area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for daily GIsymptoms across each dietary period and analysis was conducted using multilevel mixed-effectslinear regression for comparison between the two diets. Results: A significantly smaller AUCfor daily GI symptoms.6-days-1 during the LFOD compared to HFOD (mean difference -13.4,95% CI [-22, -4.60], P=0.003) was observed. The daily GI symptoms that were significantly lower during LFOD were flatulence (P0.05). Conclusion: Preliminary findings suggest thatshort-term FODMAP reduction may be a beneficial intervention to minimize daily GI symptomsin runners with exercise-related GI distress.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Lis, DM and Stellingwerff, T and Kitic, C and Fell, JW and Ahuja, KDK
Keywords: FODMAP, diet
Journal or Publication Title: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0195-9131
DOI / ID Number: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001419
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2017 American College of Sports Medicine

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