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An experimental study of cavity flow over a 2-D wall-mounted fence in a variable boundary layer

Barbaca, L ORCID: 0000-0002-8421-1109, Pearce, BW ORCID: 0000-0003-2189-5598 and Brandner, PA ORCID: 0000-0002-6721-878X 2018 , 'An experimental study of cavity flow over a 2-D wall-mounted fence in a variable boundary layer' , International Journal of Multiphase Flow, vol. 105 , pp. 234-249 , doi: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.04.011.

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Abstract

Ventilated and natural cavity flow over a 2-D wall-mounted fence immersed in a boundary layer is experimentally investigated in a cavitation tunnel. Cavity topology, upstream wall pressure distribution and the resulting hydrodynamic forces were determined as a function of ventilation rate, fence immersion in the oncoming boundary layer and free-stream conditions. Cavities exhibit a typical re-entrant jet behaviour, which is the primary mechanism of air/vapour entrainment into the main flow. Some entrainment is also observed via the turbulent break-up at the cavity surface, the intensity of which increases with deeper immersion of the fence within the wall boundary layer. A similar cavity topology, apart from some difference in the wake, is observed for ventilated and natural cavities at the same flow conditions. This similarity is also present in the relations between all other parameters investigated. It was found that with a decrease in cavitation number lift (i.e. force normal to the wall) increases and drag (i.e. force normal to the fence) decreases, resulting in an increased hydrodynamic efficiency of the wall/fence system. With an increase in fence immersion in the boundary layer, lift and drag both increase at the same rate, resulting in a constant lift-to-drag ratio.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Barbaca, L and Pearce, BW and Brandner, PA
Keywords: cavitation; ventilation; wall-mounted fence; experiment
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Multiphase Flow
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0301-9322
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.04.011
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

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