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Green victimology and non-human victims

White, R ORCID: 0000-0002-8800-0093 2018 , 'Green victimology and non-human victims' , International Review of Victimology, vol. 24, no. 2 , pp. 239-255 , doi: 10.1177/0269758017745615.

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Abstract

This article explores the tensions and interplay between human and non-human environmental victims from the point of view of eco-justice. The article begins by sketching out the broad contours of green victimology as a newly emerging area of intellectual engagement. Human victims of environmental harm are not widely recognised as victims of ‘crime’. Moreover, within the category ‘victim’, the non-human environmental victim is seldom considered worthy of attention. From an eco-justice perspective, victimhood can be conceptualised in terms of environmental justice (the victim is human), ecological justice (the victim is specific environments) and species justice (the victim is animals, and plants). Hierarchies of victims between and within each of these categories can be identified. One response to these hierarchies is to assert the notion of ‘equal victimhood’ (based on the notion, for example, that all species should be considered equal or that the natural environment has its own intrinsic worth). However, the eco-justice approach adopted in this article argues that context (both social and ecological) is vital to understanding and responding to specific instances of environmental victimisation. Particular circumstances must be taken into account in the conceptualisations of victimisation and in the moral weighing up of interests and harms in any given situation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:White, R
Keywords: non-human environmental victims, eco-justice, hierarchy of victims, environmental victimisation
Journal or Publication Title: International Review of Victimology
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.
ISSN: 0269-7580
DOI / ID Number: 10.1177/0269758017745615
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2018 The Author

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